Growing Broccoli

Organic Vegetable Gardening
Fact Sheet

Botanical name: Brassica oleracea italica

Seed

 

broccoli

Planting time: SP,FA
Seeds per ounce: 9000
Ounces per square foot: 0.0001
Minimum legal germination rate: 75%
Germination type:

Short Germinating seeds

 

Notes
Growing Broccoli is easy. It's a member of the same family of plants as Cabbage, Cauliflower and Brussel Sprouts (Brassica family). It's a cool-season vegetable that prefers its temperatures on the cool side.

Broccoli has shown in many studies that it and other members of the Brassica family produce a cancer-fighting substance called sulforaphane.

 

 

Planting

     
In garden spacing (inches): 15  
In flat spacing (inches): 1  
Planting depth (inches): cover seed with soil
Maximum number of plants per square foot: .85
Nutrient relationship: Heavy Feeder
   

Harvest

 

Days to maturity: 56-63
Harvesting period (days): 28-42
Minimum yields in pounds /square foot: .30
   
     

Cultural

Diseases:

Pythium Damping-Off - This disease commonly affects seeds and young transplants and is caused by the soil-borne fungus.

Downy Mildew - This disease is caused by the fungus Peronospora parasitica and can attack both seedlings and mature vegetable plants.

Alternaria Leaf Spot - This disease is caused by the fungus, Alternaria species, and occurs during warm, moist conditions.

Black Rot - Black rot is caused by a bacterium, Xanthomonas campestris pathovar campestris, and can affect all vegetables in the crucifer family.

Black Leg - The fungus, Phoma lingam, causes black leg.

Wirestem - The fungus, Rhizoctonia solani, causes wirestem.

Fusarium Yellows - Yellows or wilt is a much less important disease today due to the development of varieties resistant to the disease.

Viruses - There are several common viruses that can affect cole crops including Turnip mosaic virus and Cauliflower mosaic virus..

Insect pests:(Insect Pest Finder) Army Cutworm, Bean Aphid, Cabbage Curculio, Cabbage Looper, Cabbage Maggot, Cutworm, Flea Beetle, Garden Centipede, Green Peach Aphid, Pea Aphid, Spotted Cucumber Beetle
   

Varieties for Growing Broccoli

'De Cicco' -This early-maturing, open-pollinated European heirloom produces small heads and abundant sideshoots ideal for freezing. It is less uniform but also more productive than most hybrids and may be planted in spring or fall.
'Everest' - Resistant to head rot and downy mildew.
'Green Comet' - Resistant to downy mildew & heat tolerant.
'Green Goliath' - Developed especially for home gardens, this open-pollinated variety produces reliably good-size heads and sideshoots for either spring or fall harvest. Heads mature over a 3-week period.
'Green Valiant' -Resistant to head rot. Performs well in spring and fall.
'Italian Green Sprouting' ('Calabrese') - This open-pollinated heirloom variety, brought to the United States by Italian immigrants in the late 1880s, is still treasured for continued side shoot production. Plant in spring or fall.
'Minaret' - This uniform-growing, open-pollinated Romanesco type has light green, pointed spiral clusters and nutlike texture good for salads and dips.
'Packman' - This tender, early hybrid broccoli is widely adapted to different climates and soils. Abundant side shoots prolong the harvest.
'Premium Crop' - Resistant to downy mildew & heat tolerant.
'Purple Sprouting' - Plant this open-pollinated heirloom in mid-May for a late-fall harvest. In mild-winter climates, plant in fall to over winter for spring harvest.
'Waltham - Producing a medium-large head and having good side shoot production, this open-pollinated classic is a favorite for fall crops.

 

 

Organic Gardening Seed and Plant Sources:

 

 

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