Garden Insect Pest Prevention
The basic and most important strategy behind Organic Pest Management pest prevention - preventing insect populations from getting out of control.
Your goal should be a natural balanced eco-system.
Consider the whole garden: soil,
water, plants, animals, and air when working towards a balanced insect
Four steps toward natural garden balance:
- Create a
Minimize insect damage by creating a healthy
soil with compost
fertilizers. Most insects only attack unhealthy plants.
Insect pest control really starts here. Make sure
you know your soil... get a soil
test. Soil testing takes a lot of the guesswork out of
gardening, and it allows you "know" your soil. A healthy soil produces
healthy plants. Healthy plants are more resistant to insect damage and
Crop rotation. When
you grow the same plant season after season in the same location, the
in that area loses fertility.
Additionally, if you do not practice crop
rotation, your crops may literally poison the soil, thus
weakening the plant more making it more susceptible to insect attack. A
good rule of thumb is not to plant the same crop genus
in the same location two years in a row. Planting the same genus
in the same location may accumulate insect pests and diseases in that
For example. If you plant Patty
Pan Squash in this year's garden, then the next year you
should not plant another type of squash, such as Winter
Squash, because they are of the same genus.
and parasitic insects into your garden. This can be done by intercropping
plants that provide other sources of food, such as flowers for nectar
or shelter for the beneficial
debris. Keep the garden
and orchard clear of on none mulched debris.
Next Step - Step 2 - After pest
prevention - identify the insect causing the damage
back to Seven Steps to Successful Organic Pest Management