Growing Swiss Chard

Organic Vegetable Gardening
Fact Sheet

Botanical name: Beta vulgaris var. cicla


swiss chard

swiss chard harvested

Planting time: SP,su,FA
Seeds per ounce: 1500
Ounces per square foot: .004
Minimum legal germination rate: 65%
Germination type:

Short Germinating seeds

Growing Swiss Chard is very easy. Swiss Chard tolerates poor soil and does well with benign neglect, and withstands frost and mild freezes.

Both the stalk and the leaves can be eaten. The leaves can be used in salads or cooked like spinach.

Swiss Chard is a member of the beet family, without a bulb.


In garden spacing (inches): 8
In flat spacing (inches): 1
Planting depth (inches): cover seed with soil
Maximum number of plants per square foot: 3
Nutrient relationship: Heavy Feeder


Days to maturity: 49-56
Harvesting period (days): 308
Minimum yields in pounds /square foot: 2



Not susceptible to disease problems.

Insect pests:(Insect Pest Finder) Army Cutworm, Bean Aphid, Beet Leafhopper, Cabbage Looper, Cutworm, Flea Beetle, Green Peach Aphid, Leafminer, Pea Aphid, Slugs and Snails, Slugs and Snails, Tarnished Plant Bug

Varieties for Swiss Chard

'Fordhook Giant' - Compact plants with thick, dark-green, savoyed leaves with white veins and broad, white stems.

'Rhubarb Chard' - Red-veined, heavily savoyed, green leaves with deep purple-crimson stalks.

'Verte a Carde Blanche' - Large, green, slightly blistered and savoyed leaves with wide, white ribs.

'Verde da Taglio' - Italian chard. Plants produce thin stems and smooth leaves with mild spinach flavor.

'Bright Lights' - 20-inch plants with dark-green, bronzed, moderately savoyed leaves with stems, midribs and secondary veins showing gold, yellow, orange, and pink intermediate pastels and stripes.


Organic Gardening Seed and Plant Sources:



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